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Dinosaurs

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Thescelosaurus

Late Cretaceous (70 million years ago) Canada

ThescelosaurusThescelosaurus (“beautiful reptile”) belonged to a group of relatively primitive plant-eating dinosaurs known as the hysilophodonts. These dinosaurs had bipedal posture and tall, ridged teeth for processing tough or fibrous plant tissues. Unlike the “duckbilled” dinosaurs, their more specialized relatives, this group had five fingers on the hands, relatively simple teeth, and a generalized skeleton.

Numerous dinosaur fossils have been found in Montana, Wyoming, and Utah, but few have been found in California. One of the first dinosaurs discovered in northern California was found in 1991 by Sierra College geology professor Dick Hilton. He found a partial rear left leg of a bipedal, vegetarian hypsilophodont. Although the leg is the one of the few dinosaur fossils found in California, it promises not to be the last. Pat Antuzzi, a local fireman, found the first evidence of a meat-eating dinosaur right here in Granite Bay.

Camarasaurus

Camarasaurus leg boneOne of our “hands-on” displays is this leg bone (left tibia) of a Camarasaurus sp. from the Morrison Formation. Camarasaurus was a large, 60 ft (18 m) long sauropod or plant eater. This bone is approximately 145 million years old. It was found in the Brushy Basin Member near the San Rafael Swell, Utah. It was donated by Robert Mitcham.

Apatosaurus

Apatosaurus bones - click to enlargeAnother "hands-on" display is the tibia/fibula (shin bones) and radius (forearm bone) of a sauropod dinosaur, Apatosaurus. This was once known as brontosaurus. It is from the late Jurassic and is about 150 million years old. When alive it could have been up to 70 feet long and 33 tons in weight. These bones were found in the Morrison Formation in Utah. These bones were donated to the Musuem by Robert Sowell in 2003.

Other Dinosaur Fossils

Several dinosaur specimens have been found on Sierra College field trips. There are two skulls on display here. A Pachycephalosaurus skull and a partial Triceratops skull, both found at the Fort Peck Reservoir in Montana. More about this display is here.

Other dinosaur fossils on dispaly include several theropod vertebrae, Triceratops vertebrae and jaw bone, Stygimoloch skull fragment, Hypsilophodont toe claw, Ornithomimid foot and claw bones, Hadrosaur jaw, hoof and fibula. We also have on loan from the California Academy of Sciences a large theropod footprint and life-size replica of a Tyrannosaurus rex skull.

Sierra College usually offers a geology/biology field trip class to Montana every three years in the summer to search for fossils with a federally required fossil-collecting permit. Begin your paleontology career with Sierra College!

Paleontology Resources

Several of our Sierra College faculty have written on paleontology.

Several of our field trips have been in cooperation with the University of California, Berkeley. For more information on paleontology, visit the internet site of their Museum of Paleontology. A listing of dinosaurs is available at The Natural History Museum in London. Another good source for dinosaur information and links is Dino Russ's Lair. One of the premier dinosaur museums is the world is Canada's Royal Tyrrell Museum. Other sites are Dinosaur National Monument in Utah, the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Museum of the Rockies in Montana.

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